Effective study habits are essential for achieving satisfactory exam results. They also help to store information in long-term memory. Applying the following rules for studying will assist in improving study methods.
1. Keep the area around your desk neat and tidy. If possible, the area should also be quiet. If you are having trouble finding a quiet place to study, try the local library or park. The library is a perfect place to have peace and quiet. The park may not be as quiet, but the fresh air can make studying less nerve-racking. If these options are unavailable, then try listening to some music while studying.
2. Have a scheduled study time for each school day. Remember that one classroom hour should be reinforced by two hours of studying at home.
3. Sit down for 45 minute intervals, followed by 15 minute breaks. Having an easily attainable goal, like sitting for set duration of time, is effective for increasing motivation.
4. Reward yourself if and only if you have met your goal for that study session. For example, if you plan to study one chapter and succeed, then you may reward yourself. Examples of positive reinforcement are: food, exercise, video-games, etc.
5. Make correspondences between your class notes and your textbook. This will help you to fill in any background information not covered in class.
6. Prepare questions about the chapter that will be discussed in the following class. This will help you identify areas that you don’t understand.
7. Put any new words or concepts to use. The more you use the learned information, the more likely you will be to remember it. This is especially true for language classes.
8. Finally, review what you have studied just before you go to bed. You will find that you will remember the words very strongly the next morning.
1. Procrastination. Cramming is not beneficial for producing long term memory.
2. Studying on the computer. You are bound to be tempted to check your email or surf the net. Studies also show that people skim over information more on computer screens, which does not effectively log the information in memory.
3. Leaving mobile phones on during study time. No matter who is calling or texting, usually it can wait 45 minutes. Having your cell phone on silent mode during study time can help remove distractions.
4. Study just after having eaten. Studies have shown that thinking is slower after having a meal.
5. Spacing out. When you feel your mind begin to wander, remind yourself to concentrate. If you are reading, using a pencil or pointer is a good way to keep your mind on track. Even moving your finger on the page forces you to pay more attention to what you are doing.
Of course studying and memorising are 2 different things. If you read something once it is likely that it will not remain in memory for long. It is usually necessary to go over notes between 2 and 7 times before they will become logged in longer term memory. It is also important to break up information so that the brain does not become overloaded. It may be worthwhile reading up on some memorisation techniques available online to be sure that your study time is being used effectively. One such resource is available at http://www.wikihow.com/Memorize.
Remember also, if there are parts of the course that you don’t understand or need help with, not to be afraid to get in contact with a course tutor, after all that’s what they’re there for. Most often they will be glad to see that students are making an effort and are trying to learn and will be happy to help with any parts of the course that are causing difficulty.